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Round Mountain, Nevada: A Mining Town

By: Jacob Mathison

Twitter: @thelatestbyte

Post Date: 2024-01-03

A Historical and Economic Overview


Round Mountain, a small yet significant town in Nye County, Nevada, boasts a rich history intertwined with the discovery and mining of gold. The town, established in 1906 following the discovery of gold in 1905, initially thrived on underground lode mining. This practice continued until 1935, after which surface mining techniques dominated until 1940. The 1950s saw a transition to placer mining, with a dry land washing plant operational until 1957. These mining methods have significantly influenced the town's economic and social development.


The Round Mountain Gold Mine, a large open pit heap-leach gold mine, is the centerpiece of the town's economy. Owned by Kinross Gold Corporation, this mine has been a substantial gold producer since its inception. The first gold production in the Round Mountain District was recorded in 1906, and by 2006, the mine had produced over 10 million ounces of gold. As of 2007, ore reserves and resources totaled about 1.8 million ounces of gold.


Geographical and Demographic Landscape


Round Mountain's geography is characterized by its location within the southern Great Basin ignimbrite province. This region, extending from western Nevada to central Utah, is known for its belt of calderas, a product of Oligocene-age felsic volcanism and arc-extension. The town's terrain is marked by the typical extensional basin and range topography, featuring fault block mountains and sedimentary basins with alluvial fill.


Demographically, Round Mountain is an unincorporated town in Nye County, the largest county by area in Nevada. As of 2014, the population of Round Mountain was 1,868, providing a close-knit community atmosphere. The town's ZIP code is 89045.


Education, Culture, and Politics


Round Mountain's educational landscape is shaped by its small population and rural setting. While specific details on educational facilities are not extensively documented, the community-oriented nature of the town suggests a focus on local schooling and community involvement in education.


Culturally, Round Mountain reflects the typical characteristics of a small Nevada mining town. The culture is likely influenced by the town's history of mining and its geographical location in the heart of Nevada. As for politics, small towns like Round Mountain often have local governance structures that are closely tied to the community, with an emphasis on local issues and needs.


Future Prospects and Living Conditions


Round Mountain, while rooted in its mining past, continues to evolve. The town's future endeavors are likely tied to the continuation and expansion of mining activities, given the historical and economic significance of the Round Mountain Gold Mine. Kinross Gold Corporation's involvement in the town suggests ongoing economic activities centered around mining.


Living in Round Mountain offers a unique experience. The cost of living is relatively lower compared to major cities. Housing, healthcare, and transportation costs are slightly above the national average, but this is offset by the low property taxes and absence of state individual income tax in Nevada. The high cost of buying a home in Nevada is a consideration for those looking to move to Round Mountain.


In summary, Round Mountain, Nevada, presents an intriguing blend of history, economic development, and community spirit, underpinned by its longstanding association with gold mining. The town's future, while closely linked to the fortunes of the mining industry, also holds potential for diversification and growth, maintaining its charm as a quintessential Nevada mining town.

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